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朝雲

留言時間

2010-04-27 08:44:49

標題

Chapter19 Grammar Focus不定詞

留言內容

 

P233

不定詞依其在句中的功能,具有名詞形容詞及副詞的性質。例如:

To get up early is good for the health.

To get up early在主詞位置,故有名詞的性質。

 

I want to go.

to go在受詞位置,故有名詞的性質。

 

I don’t know what to do.

what to do處受詞位置,故有名詞的性質。(不定詞前when, where, how, what等疑問字。)

 

His dream is to travel around the world.

to travel around the world處於補語的位置,故有名詞的性質。

 

I have nothing to do.

to do修飾nothing, 因此有形容詞的性質。

 

I was glad to get a letter from you.

to get a letter from you說明glad的原因,故有副詞的性質。

 

We left early to get there on time.

to get there on time說明left early的目的,故有副詞的性質。

..........................................

 

練習:以下()部分是不定詞(片語),請說明其功能:做名詞、形容詞或副詞。

1. To help my parents in their old age is my duty.

It is my duty to help my parents in their old age is.

2. To gofrom Taipei to Tainan takes 5 hours.

It takes five hours to go from Taipei to Tainan.

3. They are preparing to return to their home country.

4. Some students once asked to interview me.

5. I never expected to hear from them again.

6. They are discussing how to show their feelings of gratitude.

7. I haven’t time to buy any gifts.

8. We should go downtown to do some shopping.

9. Chinese people sometimes give a hongbao to show thanks.

10. Our problem is how to say thanks to our teachers.

 

 

 

Chapter19 Grammar Focus不定詞練習

 

P233

不定詞依其在句中的功能,具有名詞形容詞及副詞的性質。例如:

To get up early is good for the health. (早起對健康有益)

To get up early主詞位置,故有名詞的性質

 

I want to go. (我得走了)

to go受詞位置,故有名詞的性質。

 

I don’t know what to do.(我不知道該怎麼辦)

what to do受詞位置,故有名詞的性質。(不定詞前when, where, how, what等疑問字。)

 

His dream is to travel around the world. (環遊世界是他的夢想)

to travel around the world處於補語的位置,故有名詞的性質。

 

I have nothing to do.我無事可做--閒著無事

to do修飾nothing, 因此有形容詞的性質。

 

I was glad to get a letter from you. (我很高興到你的一封信)

to get a letter from you說明glad的原因,故有副詞的性質。

 

We left early to get there on time. (為了準時到達那裡我們提早離開)

to get there on time說明left early的目的,故有副詞的性質。

..........................................

 

練習:以下()部分是不定詞(片語),請說明其功能:做名詞、形容詞或副詞。

1. To help my parents in their old age is my duty.

It is my duty to help my parents in their old age .

 

2. To go from Taipei to Tainan takes 5 hours.

It takes five hours to go from Taipei to Tainan.

 

3. They are preparing to return to their home country.

preparing 的受詞

 

4. Some students once asked to interview me.

asked 的受詞

 

 

5. I never expected to hear from them again.

expected 的受詞

 

6. They are discussing how to show their feelings of gratitude.

discussing的受詞

 

7. I haven’t time to buy any gifts.

修飾time ,副詞的性質

 

8. We should go downtown to do some shopping. 我們'應該到城裡/都市採買

修飾downtown ,說明go downtown的原因,有副詞的性質

 

9. Chinese people sometimes give a hongbao to show thanks.

修飾a hongbao,說明give a hongbao 的原因 有 副詞的性質

 

10. Our problem is how to say thanks to our teachers.

 

how to say thanks to our teachers.處於補語的位置,故有名詞的性質

 

 

 



留言者

朝雲

留言時間

2010-04-27 08:44:49

標題

Chapter19Grammar Focus不定詞

Q&A回覆內容

 

A1:sh3025

謝謝你幫我把不定詞()起來

 

3. They are preparing to return to their home country)】.

= > (副詞)修飾 return

第二個to是介係詞。

 

6. They are discussing how to show their feelings of gratitude.

= > 名詞

how也要放進()裡

 

9. Chinese people sometimes give a hongbao to show thanks.

= > 形容詞修飾hongbao

to show thanks)說明give a hongbao的原因,故為副詞。

 

10. Our problem is how to say thanks to our teachers)】.

= > (名詞)

第二個to是介係詞。

 

Q2:

 

有關 to 有不定詞和介係詞的二種用法可以再說明嗎?

 

 

A2:

sh3025

 

to當不定詞:to+原形v

to當介係詞:to+名詞(動名詞)

 

3. They are preparing to return to their home country)】.為例

 

to returnto+原形v,就是不定詞

to their home countryto+(形容詞+)名詞,就是介係詞

 

 

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